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江苏省东台市唐洋镇中学九年级英语上册《Unit 5 Films Period 6 GrammarII》学案

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《Unit 5 Films Period 6 GrammarII》学案
教学目标: 知识目标 A.1. To use ‘should’, ‘ought to’, ‘had better’, ‘have to’ and ‘must’ to give advice. 2. To learn to use ‘why not’, ‘why don’t you’ and ‘perhaps’ to give advice. 能力目标 Learn how to give advice 情感目标 B.To give advice adequately and appropriately 教学重点:Learn how to give advice 教学难点 :To give advice adequately and appropriately 课前预*: A.预*生词。 将课本 P90-91 生词标上记号,读准且背出这些生词,并到组长处过关 B.B.短语翻译 1. leave Beijing in July 2. leave a magazine at home 3. out of breath 4. the film review 5. review the words 6.保持安静 7.气喘嘘嘘地到那儿 8.丢了钱包 9.等待他 10.错过做某事 11.加入戏剧俱乐部 12.改进你的英语 13.第一个离开这儿 14.进电影院 15.上厕所 16.给她一些建议 17.在公共汽车站等(他) 18.最好(别)做某事 C. Lily 在写句子时有些单词不会写,你能帮助她完成下面的句子吗? 1.He took a deep (呼吸) before he began his speech. 2.He i on his ideas. And at last, he succeeded. 3. Many children like eating (爆米花) while they are seeing films. 4. Instead of beer, I like drinking . 5. Please (go over again in the mind) what you have learned before taking the exam. 预*作业中涉及到了生词、词组的预*,是有针对性的。除此之外可以涉及一些对语法的预 *,这样在新授时学生的认知度更高些。 教学过程:

Part One 预*作业&预*交流

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Step 1 Revision&check out the previewed work 1. Do some translations orally: 1). After we had fed the dog, we took it for a walk. 2). When I arrived, she had bought the tickets already. 3). Had you seen any of her films before you saw this one? 4). After Millie had finished her homework, she watched a film on TV. 5). When I arrived at the cinema, the film had started. 2. Check out the previewed work

Part Two 交流展示&点拨提高
Step2. Free talk & lead into the topic 1. T: What are you going to do next Sunday? S: ?.. T: Why not / Why don’t you go to the cinema? S: Good idea. (T writes: “ Why not?, Why don’t you?”on the blackboard.) T: Before you go to the cinema, you have to tell your parents. / you had better finish your homework. / you must know the time. / you ought to choose to watch the Western films to improve your English./ Perhaps you should take your little brother with you. (T lines “should”, “ought to”, “had better”, “have to” , “must”, “perhaps” in the sen tences above.) 这段呈现新知的内容较好,符合情境、语义完整。 2. Ask students to read and find out the ways of giving advice in the dialogue ‘speak up —giving advice’ on P37. 学生总结以前所学表示建议的方式: Let’s?., Shall we?, How about?., What about?等。 3.(老师说出自己*来的烦事 e.g. I’m very thirsty. What s hould I do?/ I’m going to a party this weekend, but I don't know what to wear. Could you give me some advice? )学生组内讨论提建议,然后班内展示。 Step 3 Presentation 1.分组讨论用 should, ought to, had better, have to 和 must 来提意见时语气上有何区 别;完成:work out the rule。 2.班内分组展示各组的结果。 3.教师补充解释。 教师提注意点: 1). 用 should、 ought to、 had better、 have to、 must 提出建议。 ※ 当我们要用“和善”的方法提出建议时,用 should, ought to 和 had better。 ●should / ought to 表示“应该”,后跟动词原形。should 比 ought to 语气要轻一些, should 谈的是自己的主观看法,而 ought to 则更多地反映客观情况。 ●should 的否定形式是 should not (shouldn’t) ; ought to 的否定形式是 ought not to (oughtn’t to) ●had better 表示“最好”,后跟动词原形,否定式是 had better not do sth. ※ 当我们想用“更强硬”的态度提出建议时,用 have to 和 must. eg: (1) You have to stop smoking.

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(2) They must finish their work first. ●have to / must 表示“必须”,后跟动词原形; have to 常表示客观要求,must 则表 示主观愿望。 eg: (1) I have to finish my work on time. (外界要求我完成) (2) I must finish my work on time. (自己想完成) ●have to 的否定式是 don’t have to, 表示“不必要” e.g. I don’t have to go to school tomorrow.; must 的否定式是 must not (mustn’t) 表示“一定不能”、 “不允许”。 eg: (1) S he doesn’t have to do all the homework. (2) You mustn’t put your bike here. ● ‘have to’ and ‘must’ are stronger than ‘should’ ‘ought to’ and ‘had better’. 2). 用 why not, why don’t you 和 perhaps 来提建议。 ※ why not / why don’t you 后跟动词原形,也是提出建议的两种方式,表示“为什么 不??”, 两者可以互换。 eg: (1) Why not go out for a walk? (2) Why don’t you go out for a walk? (3) Why not wear a T-shirt? =Why don’t you wear a T-shirt? ※ perhaps 是提出建议的另一种方式,表示“或许,可能,也许”。 eg: (1) Perhaps you should read the film review. (2) Perhaps the weather will change this evening. 以上注意点不一定由教师一一解释,可以请学生分组讨论,教师补充的方式。也可以在预* 作业中作适当的布置,这样 学生讨论起来准备更充分一点。 Step 4 Task 1. Encourage students to do the task on Page 90 1) T: If you go to the cinema, what should or should not you do at the cinema? What about Kitty? Please help her choose the correct answers in brackets on page90. 2).Ask students to compare their answers and discuss any disagreements 2. Finish Part C. 1) T: Millie has some problems. Can you give her some advice politely? Show the students Millie’s problems, and ask the students to give her their own advice. Kitty also helps Kitty fill in the blanks by using the words in brackets on page 91. 2) Read in roles an d check out the answers 3) Ask students to act out the dialogue 3. Ask students to do some additional exercises Make sentences with ‘should’ , ‘ought to’, ‘had better’, ‘have to’, ‘must’, ‘why not’, ‘why don’t you’ and ‘perhaps’ do homework alone (should) wear more clothes because it will be colder (ought to) stay at home on rainy days (had better) lo ok after your sick mother at home (have to) eat vegetable every day (must) visit local theatre (why not) try on the shoes (perhaps)
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B.Step 5 Make a dialogue Ask students to make a dialogue in pairs to give some advice on keeping pets / problems in your life or study/... Prepare several minutes and act out the dialogue.

Part Three 检测反馈
Step 6 课堂检测 A.用所给词的适当形式填空。 1. You had better (not take) a walk here. 2. Why not (do) morning exercises every day? 3. She ought to (help) her mother do the housework. 4. We must (are) here early tomorrow. 5. I have to (leave) for Beijing this week. 6. Should we ____________ (protect) the environment? 7. She is an excellent ______ (act) respected by people forever. 8. I don’t like acting. I’d rather __ (am) a director. D.汉译英 1. 我们应该保护环境。 2.看电影时,你必须保持安静。 3.你为什么不去爬山? 4 你看电影之前最好先完成作业。

Step 7

Homework

A.1. Remember the useful expressions by heart. B.2. Some other exercises.

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