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外研版高中英语选修6 Module2 名师讲语法:动词的ing形式作状语

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名师讲语法:动词的ing 形式作状语 观察下列句子,体会动词的ing 形式作状语的用法。 ①Will, still watching, saw the cat behave curiously. ②When it had gone past he crossed the road, keeping his eyes on the spot where the cat had been investigating. ③He found himself standing under a row of trees. ④he pushed his shopping bag through, and then he scrambled through himself. [自我总结] 动词ing 形式作状语, 用来进一步说明整个句子的动作或说明谓语动词所表 达的概念,其逻辑主语应与主句的主语一致,即分词的动作必须和句子的主语含 有逻辑上的________,否则不能使用现在分词作状语。在意义上可表示时间、原 因、结果、条件、让步、方式、伴随或补充等,这时它相当于一个________。它 的位置比较灵活,可以置于句首、句中或句末,有时用逗号隔开,有时也不用, 一般来说,用作原因、条件时,常位于句首;用作方式、结果、伴随状语时,常 位于句末。 【答案】 主谓关系 状语从句 动词的ing 形式在句中作状语 1.表示时间: 动词ing 形式作时间状语,相当于一个时间状语从句。 Turning around, she saw a car driving up. =When she turned around, she saw a car driving up. 她转过身,看见一辆车朝她开来。 2.表示原因: 表示原因的动词ing 形式一般置于句首,相当于一个原因状语从句。 Being ill, he could not walk any further. =As he was ill, he could not walk any further. 因为病,他不能再往前走了。 3.表示结果: 动词ing 形式作状语表示一种必然的结果, 可扩展为一个含有并列谓语的简 单句。 The fire lasted nearly a month, leaving nothing valuable. =The fire lasted nearly a month, and left nothing valuable. 大火持续了*一个月,几乎没剩下什么值钱的东西。 4.表示条件: 动词ing 形式作条件状语,相当于一个条件状语从句。 Being more careful, you can make fewer mistakes. =If you are more careful, you can make fewer mistakes.更细心点,你就会少犯 错误。 5.表示让步: 动词ing 形式作让步状语,相当于一个让步状语从句。 Knowing all this, they made me pay for the damage. =Although they knew all this, they made me pay for the damage. 尽管知道了一切情况,他们还是要我赔偿损失。 6.表示方式、伴随或补充说明: 动词ing 形式表示行为方式、伴随情况或补充说明,可以扩展成为一个并列 成分。 I stood by the door, not daring to say a word. =I stood by the door, and did not dare to say a word. 我站在门旁,不敢说一句话。 He was walking along the street, looking this way and that. =He was walking along the street, and looked this way and that. 他在街上走 着,左顾右盼。 7.(1)(从属连词+动词ing 形式)作状语: 为了使动词ing 形式作状语所表达的时间、条件、让步等意思更加明确,可 在动词ing 形式前加上适当的连词(when, while, if,though,unless, even if 等)。 例如: Don't talk while having dinner.吃饭时不要说话。 Once losing this chance, you can't easily find it. 一旦失去这次机会你就很难找 回。 (2)要避免无依着(无逻辑主语)动词ing 形式: 动词ing 形式作状语时,其逻辑主语必须与句子的主语一致,如果状语与主 语不一致,可给从句加上主语,变成主从复合句。例如: 【错误】While reading the book, the telephone rang. 【正确】While she was reading the book, the telephone rang. 她看书的时候,电话铃响了。(reading 的动作不是 the telephone 发出) 【错误】Looking out through the window, the garden was beautiful. 【正确】Looking out through the window, we found a beautiful garden. 从窗户里,我们看见一个漂亮的花园。(looking 的动作不是 garden 发出) (3)独立动词ing 形式作状语: 英语中有些动词ing 形 式 , 如 generally speaking( 一 般 来 说 ), judging from(从……判断),considering(考虑到), supposing(如果……)等,它们作状语时 的逻辑主语可以和



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